The Future of Earthquake-Proof Buildings


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Earthquakes are almost impossible to predict. Luckily, engineers have come up with some amazing ways to protect people the next time one might strike.

Hosted by: Olivia Gordon

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Sources:

https://www.digitaltrends.com/cool-tech/earthquake-resistant-buildings/ #/1/2
https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2017/dec/11/earthquake-proof-city-christchurch-japan-colombia-ecuador
https://www.tepapa.govt.nz/discover-collections/read-watch-play/science/halting-jolts-how-te-papa-resists-earthquakes

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877705817334999 (you can access the paper here...it’s a super long URL)
https://www.forbes.com/sites/federicoguerrini/2015/07/11/in-the-future-a-vibrating-barrier-could-protect-cities-against-earthquakes
https://www.crisis-response.com/comment/blogpost.php?post=128

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn17378-invisibility-cloak-could-hide-buildings-from-quakes/
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/how-do-you-make-a-building-invisible-to-an-earthquake-17536143/
https://physicsworld.com/a/seismic-cloak-could-minimize-earthquake-damage/
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/510716/first-test-of-seismic-invisibility-cloak/

https://www.purdue.edu/newsroom/releases/2018/Q4/new-3d-printed-cement-paste-gets-stronger-when-it-cracks--just-like-structures-in-nature-.html
https://www.engineering.com/BIM/ArticleID/17805/3D-Printed-Cement-Paste-Uses-Biomimicry-to-Strengthen-After-Cracking.aspx
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/adma.201802123

Images

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Taipei_101_Tuned_Mass_Damper_2010.jpg

https://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https %3A%2F%2Fupload.wikimedia.org%2Fwikipedia%2Fcommons%2F1%2F15%2FTaipei_101_Tuned_Mass_Damper.png&imgrefurl=https%3A%2F%2Fcommons.wikimedia.org%2Fwiki%2FFile%3ATaipei_101_Tuned_Mass_Damper.png&docid=pUX78ibDtj_PSM&tbnid=R-6ytqYCDEdeHM%3A&vet=10ahUKEwjHideVr5niAhVRtZ4KHQmUD1cQMwhDKAgwCA..i&w=922&h=769&bih=821&biw=1658&q=wikimedia%20commons%20tuned%20mass%20dampers&ved=0ahUKEwjHideVr5niAhVRtZ4KHQmUD1cQMwhDKAgwCA&iact=mrc&uact=8

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File :Spring%E2%80%93mass%E2%80%93damper_system.svghttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :London_Millennium_Bridge_-_Damper_beneath_deck,_north_side_-_240404.jpg

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Taipei_101_view.jpg#/media/File:Taipei_101_view.jpg

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Airport_Sahiba_G%C3%B6kcen_from_Air.jpg#/media/File:Airport_Sahiba_G%C3%B6kcen_from_Air.jpg

The World's Most Asked Questions | Compilation


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A while back, we were tasked with answering some of the world's most asked questions. So here, in one convenient location, are some of those questions and their answers.

Hosted by: Stefan Chin

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It's called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
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Sources:

Does Medicine Actually Expire?


Expired medicine might seem like a weird concept because a lot of it doesn’t get moldy or slimy like old food. Is it really a big concern?

For FDA recommendations about safe disposal of medication, visit this link:
https://www.fda.gov/drugs/resourcesforyou/consumers/buyingusingmedicinesafely/ensuringsafeuseofmedicine/safedisposalofmedicines/ucm186187.htm


Hosted by: Olivia Gordon

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It's called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
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Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
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----------
Sources:
https://secure.medicalletter.org/sites/default/files/freedocs/w1483b.pdf
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16721796
https://www.jnj.com/health-and-wellness/is-it-ever-ok-to-take-expired-medication
https://www.huffpost.com/entry/is-it-safe-to-take-expired-medicine_n_58ef9b90e4b0da2ff85ed8b1
https://www.health.com/home/expired-medicine
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10808186
https://www.fda.gov/drugs/resourcesforyou/consumers/buyingusingmedicinesafely/ensuringsafeuseofmedicine/safedisposalofmedicines/ucm186187.htm
https://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/drug_disposal/takeback/index.html
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28787777
https://myoldmeds.com/proper-disposal/

Image Sources:
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/blank-medicine-bottle-gm171342387-21279116
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/moldy-on-bread-isolated-on-white-background-inedible-food-and-expired-gm898277772-247832678
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/white-medical-bottle-with-necessary-label-gm502086565-43420194
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/medecine-expiration-date-close-up-gm464753338-59264110
https://www.videoblocks.com/video/shower-head-wide-shot-jlh6ief
https://www.videoblocks.com/video/a-scientist-working-in-a-laboratory-the-scientist-is-looking-through-a-petri-dish-and-and-showing-the-bacteria-fungi-in-it-4vbyabz6xiltiualw
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/pharmacist-putting-pills-in-container-gm629772868-112174549

We're One Step Closer to Understanding Aging


Scientists have had a variety of hypotheses about how chemical stress can affect DNA to cause aging, but a new study has just shown the process in action.

Hosted by: Hank Green

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It's called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
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----------
Sources:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molcel.2019.04.024
https://www.eurekalert.org/emb_releases/2019-05/uop-psf050819.php
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1808645/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0092867407008902
http://cgp.iiarjournals.org/content/5/1/63.full.pdf
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3632062/
----------
Images & Video:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Telomere_caps.gif

Cybersecurity & a Hacker Called Alien | SciShow Talk Show


Jeremy Smith and Sherri Davidoff talk hacking, cyber security, and the end of the world, and Jessi stops by with Rook the Raven.

To find Jeremy and Sherri's books:
http://jeremynsmith.com/breaking-and-entering.html
https://www.amazon.com/Sherri-Davidoff/e/B008GQ5HKS

Hosted by: Hank Green

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It's called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
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Image Sources:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Magpie_arp.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Head_of_Raven.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Corvus-brachyrhynchos-001.jpg

When Will We All Die?: The Statistics of Human Extinction


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We humans like to think we’re special in basically all ways, but if the history of life is any indication, our species has a limited time on this planet. So the question is: when are we gonna go extinct?

Hosted by: Hank Green

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It's called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
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Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
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Adam Brainard, Greg, Alex Hackman, Sam Lutfi, D.A. Noe, الخليفي سلطان, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, Patrick D. Ashmore, charles george, Kevin Bealer, Chris Peters
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----------
Sources:
http://www.thp.uni-koeln.de/krug/teaching-Dateien/WS2011/Gott1993.pdf
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/358/6363/652.full
https://arxiv.org/pdf/1611.03072v1.pdf
https://img.sauf.ca/pictures/2015-08-01/6d737412cb52abc475821fa8c1b541dc.pdf
http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/1205/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WFFzABwTFJo
https://arxiv.org/pdf/1303.4676.pdf
https://cloudfront.escholarship.org/dist/prd/content/qt9tt5c711/qt9tt5c711.pdf
https://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/103/1/117.full.pdf

Image Sources:
https://www.videoblocks.com/video/timelapse-shot-of-cirrus-clouds-against-bright-blue-sky-b7lycia8kgizcet7wo
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/polands-capital-warsaw-on-early-august-morning-gm862061436-142805283
https://www.flickr.com/photos/ideonexus/4697753017/in/photostream/
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/gold-bingo-balls-fall-randomly-on-white-isonated-background-lottery-golden-balls-gm916223254-252128293
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/human-crowd-forming-a-world-map-population-and-social-media-concept-gm936347476-256138190
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/hourglass-gm1030409866-276074436
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/nuclear-winter-urban-landscape-gm1129862623-298627241
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/fossil-skull-of-homo-erectus-sapiens-neanderthalis-and-antecessor-gm487078841-38696552
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/bushy-sheaf-of-wheat-isolated-on-white-background-gm846261998-138586983
https://www.videoblocks.com/video/alpha-channel-flames-and-fire-3-apxrjxz
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/aerial-view-of-barringer-crater-in-arizona-gm157180662-1633560

7 Ways to Spruce Up Your Cooking with Science


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Your kitchen really is your own personal science lab, so here are some science-based cooking tricks to make tastier, healthier, and awesomer meals.
#kitchen #science #cooking

Hosted by: Stefan Chin

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It's called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
----------
Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
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Adam Brainard, Greg, Alex Hackman, Sam Lutfi, D.A. Noe, الخليفي سلطان, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, Patrick D. Ashmore, charles george, Kevin Bealer, Chris Peters
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----------
Sources:
Beer Bread
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2007.03266.x
https://www.jamieoliver.com/features/baking-beer-bread/
https://phys.org/news/2014-05-difference-soda-powder.html
Mushroom Tacos
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0195666316302471
https://scholarworks.umass.edu/masters_theses_2/487/
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1750-3841.13838
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1750-3841.12549
https://academic.oup.com/jn/article/130/4/921S/4686627
Coconut oil and Chill
https://health.usnews.com/health-news/blogs/eat-run/2015/04/21/does-the-calorie-slashing-method-for-cooking-rice-really-work
https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/pressroom/newsreleases/2015/march/new-low-calorie-rice-could-help-cut-rising-obesity-rates.html
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1541-4337.12143
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2015/03/25/scientists-have-figured-out-a-simple-way-to-cook-rice-that-dramatically-cuts-the-calories/?utm_term=.f4463d10052b
http://apjcn.nhri.org.tw/server/APJCN/24/4/620.pdf
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/star.201600203
https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20003030024
Safe raw cookie dough
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1046/j.1365-2672.1997.00253.x
https://www.internationalegg.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/James %20-%202002.pdf
https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/66/wr/mm6615a1.htm
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3563394/
Artichoke Sweet water
https://www.nature.com/articles/nature04765
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/178/4064/988
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Paul_Breslin/publication/6217748_Visions_Reflections_Minireview/links/0deec51630f149f660000000.pdf
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0031938416301019
Temperature and Taste
https://academic.oup.com/chemse/article/40/6/391/298823
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/neuroscience/glossopharyngeal-nerve
https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/neuroscience/chorda-tympani
https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007 %2Fs00018-006-6384-0.pdf
Shortening vs Butter Cookies
http://sitn.hms.harvard.edu/flash/2010/issue79/
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13197-017-2942-8
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/222534485_Effect_of_fat-type_on_cookie_dough_and_cookie_quality
------
Images:
https://tinyurl.com/yywb8pq2
https://tinyurl.com/y2yqk5ns
https://tinyurl.com/yxznpp3b
https://tinyurl.com/yyf5gztl
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Pasteur_Pipets.jpg
https://tinyurl.com/y6o3l8vc
https://tinyurl.com/y4xn7bo4
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Saccharomyces_cerevisiae_SEM.jpg
https://tinyurl.com/y3g9ghue
https://tinyurl.com/y32psoz5
https://tinyurl.com/y5c46p9c
https://tinyurl.com/yyhepcy3
https://tinyurl.com/y6fseybu
https://tinyurl.com/y566qcsm
https://tinyurl.com/y4ch4umg
https://tinyurl.com/y3j53kym
https://tinyurl.com/y2lxmzrf
https://tinyurl.com/y37vh4bx
https://tinyurl.com/y4l4s9v8
https://tinyurl.com/y6p7td8h
https://tinyurl.com/y6bh8u3u
https://tinyurl.com/y2adkooc
https://tinyurl.com/y66gydo7
https://tinyurl.com/y5qdzfee
https://tinyurl.com/yxwhatpo
https://tinyurl.com/y55wqn3b
https://tinyurl.com/yxdpd5wh
https://tinyurl.com/yym4j98a
https://tinyurl.com/y2lc8khp
https://tinyurl.com/y6j8qdbm
https://tinyurl.com/yy3zrqka
https://tinyurl.com/y69v3d74
https://tinyurl.com/yyv3pvvf
https://tinyurl.com/y5da6b8k
https://tinyurl.com/yxhawswz
https://tinyurl.com/y2ovogdr
https://tinyurl.com/y2chfr7p
https://tinyurl.com/y5lbeq5n
https://tinyurl.com/y2p74mpk
https://tinyurl.com/y3ssne72
https://tinyurl.com/y3aowwhj
https://tinyurl.com/y25crrq6
https://tinyurl.com/y5zegvnu
https://tinyurl.com/yxpzzkgg
https://tinyurl.com/y6qcz6u7
https://tinyurl.com/y4886ol2
https://tinyurl.com/y239sv5r
https://tinyurl.com/yyfqfl6l
https://tinyurl.com/y4ytlh4t

Why Are Some Animal Babies So Helpless?


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Have you ever noticed that some animal babies, like baby deer, can walk around basically right after they're born, but other animal babies, like kittens, can't even open their eyes? There’s a reason for that, and it comes down to two different reproductive strategies with their own advantages and disadvantages.

Hosted by: Stefan Chin

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It's called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
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Adam Brainard, Greg, Alex Hackman, Sam Lutfi, D.A. Noe, الخليفي سلطان, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, Patrick D. Ashmore, charles george, Kevin Bealer, Chris Peters
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Sources:
https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/12/141219-rabbits-hares-animals-science-mating-courtship/
https://allyouneedisbiology.wordpress.com/tag/altricial/
https://web.stanford.edu/group/stanfordbirds/text/essays/Precocial_and_Altricial.html
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/319904393_Altricial
https://web.colby.edu/mainebirds/2009/08/06/86/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18222662
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2892970/
https://ipfs.io/ipfs/QmXoypizjW3WknFiJnKLwHCnL72vedxjQkDDP1mXWo6uco/wiki/Superprecocial.html
http://meeting.physanth.org/program/2015/session15/rosenberg-2015-are-human-infants-altricial.html
https://obgyn.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1046/j.1471-0528.2002.00010.x
https://inference-review.com/article/the-obstetrical-dilemma
https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/why-humans-give-birth-to-helpless-babies/
https://mafiadoc.com/the-importance-of-the-altricial-a-precocial-spectrum-for-social-_5988118d1723ddca69541e7a.html
https://books.google.com/books?hl=en& ;amp;lr=&id=A0HB7Mq4lOYC&oi=fnd&pg=PA3&dq=altricial+and+precocial&ots=ZcR6OeK3OV&sig=JRx4CAchkoWZhe3uP8cSx_LI8JM#v=onepage&q=altricial%20and%20precocial&f=false
https://rubegalab.uconn.edu/lecture-notes-parental-care/ #

Your Brain Probably has a "Pokemon Region"


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If you're a Pokémon super-fan seeing Detective Pikachu this weekend, a little bit of your brain might light up that won’t light up in the brains of those that didn’t try to catch 'em all! Find out why that's important to understanding how our brains work, and the latest breakthrough in Alzheimer's research on this week's SciShow News!

Hosted by: Hank Green

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It's called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
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Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow
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Adam Brainard, Greg, Alex Hackman, Sam Lutfi, D.A. Noe, الخليفي سلطان, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, Patrick D. Ashmore, charles george, Kevin Bealer, Chris Peters
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Sources:
Pokémon
https://www.eurekalert.org/emb_releases/2019-05/su-abr050219.php
https://press.nature.com/wp-content/uploads/files/2019/04/41562_2019_592_OnlinePDF.pdf
https://www.cmu.edu/dietrich/behrmannlab/Publications/2002_04_Hasson_neuron.pdf
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5127899/
Alzheimer’s Prions
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/05/190501153358.htm
https://stm.sciencemag.org/content/11/490/eaat8462
https://gizmodo.com/these-scientists-want-to-redefine-alzheimers-as-a-doubl-1834486386
https://theconversation.com/heres-what-we-think-alzheimers-does-to-the-brain-86799
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12011456

New York City's Microbiome


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You might guess that big city subways would be filled with all sorts of nasty pathogens just waiting to infect the nearest unsuspecting human, but science doesn’t back this up at all.

Hosted by: Olivia Gordon

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Sources:
https://news.weill.cornell.edu/news/2015/02/researchers-produce-first-map-of-new-york-city-subway-system-microbes-christopher-mason
https://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/06/nyregion/among-the-new-york-city-subways-millions-of-riders-a-study-finds-many-mystery-microbes.html
https://www.wired.com/2015/02/mapping-microbes-new-york-city-subway/
https://www.cell.com/cell-systems/fulltext/S2405-4712 (15)00014-9
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405471215000149?via %3Dihub
http://www.cell.com/pb/assets/raw/journals/research/cell-systems/do-not-delete/CELS1_FINAL.pdf
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5011910/
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1477893909000933
https://www.foodsafety.gov/poisoning/causes/bacteriaviruses/bcereus/index.html
----------
Images:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File :IRT_BMT_South_Ferry_-_Whitehall_st_Station.JPG
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :NYCT_South_Ferry_Platform.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :South_Ferry_Subway_Station_(8141549798).jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :South_Ferry_Subway_Station_(8141517967).jpg

Bad Science: Breast Milk and Formula


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If you have kids, you've probably been told: “breast is best," but is it true?

Hosted by: Hank Green

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----------

Sources:
https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/breastfeed-supply.html
https://medcraveonline.com/JPNC/JPNC-02-00096.pdf
https://face2faceafrica.com/article/the-disturbing-history-of-enslaved-mothers-forced-to-breastfeed-white-babies-in-the-1600s
https://www.alimentarium.org/en/magazine/history/history-baby-bottles
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7023787/
https://medcraveonline.com/JPNC/JPNC-02-00096
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/381850/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2684040/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11160571/
https://www.health-foundations.com/blog/2015/01/05/a-brief-and-fascinating-history-of-breastfeeding-and-its-alternatives
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapediatrics/article-abstract/515580
https://multinationalmonitor.org/hyper/issues/1987/04/formula.html
https://www.nytimes.com/1981/12/06/magazine/the-controversy-over-infant-formula.html
https://daily.jstor.org/the-continuing-controversy-over-baby-formula/
https://www.nytimes.com/1975/09/11/archives/baby-formula-sales-in-third-world-criticized-some-producers-accused.html
https://www.unicef.org/nutrition/index_24806.html
https://www.babyfriendlyusa.org/news/baby-friendly-usa-celebrates-major-milestone-of-500-baby-friendly-designated-facilities-in-the-united-states/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26924775
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4301835/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21348815
https://pedsinreview.aappublications.org/content/38/12/552
https://www.womenshealth.gov/breastfeeding/making-decision-breastfeed
https://www.who.int/life-course/news/commentaries/breastfeeding-can-save-lives/en/
https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/79198/9789241505307_eng.pdf
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5295103/
https://www.cdc.gov/breastfeeding/resources/breastfeeding-trends.htm
http://www.floridahealth.gov/statistics-and-data/survey-data/pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system/_documents/reports/breastfeeding2013.pdf
https://www.theatlas.com/charts/BJO87NgrZ
https://www.theatlas.com/charts/BJF7HEgB-
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0277953614000549
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/193490
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17855282
https://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1002554
https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/135/supplement_1/s13.1
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapediatrics/article-abstract/2546142
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6353266/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29452740
https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/138/3/e20161889
https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/143/1/e20182488
https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/116/3/e343.short
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12949292
https://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/baby/breastfeeding/Pages/Warning-Signs-of-Breastfeeding-Problems.aspx
https://www.llli.org/breastfeeding-info/frequency-feeding-frequently-asked-questions-faqs/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5005964/
https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/112/3/607
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0150053
https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/131/6/1059
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapediatrics/article-abstract/2716798
https://jme.bmj.com/content/44/11/756
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3884092/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3877694/
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0003122411435477
https://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/baby/breastfeeding/Pages/How-Often-to-Breastfeed.aspx
https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/breastfeed-often.html
https://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/baby/formula-feeding/Pages/Amount-and-Schedule-of-Formula-Feedings.aspx
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673617305524
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2016/02/23/what-youve-read-about-breastfeeding-may-not-be-true/
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapediatrics/article-abstract/510141
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1523-536X.1981.tb01593.x
https://www.cdc.gov/breastfeeding/data/nis_data/results.html
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4025624/
https://www.babyfriendlyusa.org/for-facilities/practice-guidelines/10-steps-and-international-code/

Does Searing Meat Really Lock in Juices?


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Your favorite TV chef might have told you to make sure you sear your meat because that nice brown crust helps seal in the moisture, but is that actually how it works?

Hosted by: Michael Aranda

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Sources:
https://archive.org/details/researchesonchem00liebrich
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jsfa.2740251109
https://www.foodnetwork.com/videos/to-sear-or-not-to-sear-98517
https://www.cooksillustrated.com/how_tos/5699-searing-steak
http://wtf.tw/ref/mcgee.pdf
https://www.seriouseats.com/2009/12/the-food-lab-how-to-cook-roast-a-perfect-prime-rib.html?ref=search
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1745-4549.1994.tb00240.x
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11297291
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1952.tb16754.x
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22055626
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081005965214595

Images:
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/water-tap-with-smiling-water-drop-isolated-on-white-background-gm655410604-119343225
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/grilled-beef-steak-gm1071441778-286728811
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Justus_von_Liebig_NIH.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/strip-loin-steaks-in-a-cast-iron-pan-gm184991653-19059956
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/grilling-steaks-on-flaming-grill-and-shot-with-selective-focus-gm594465522-101933167
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/cartoon-illustration-of-structure-skeletal-muscle-anatomy-gm520060636-90839177
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/prime-rib-eye-steak-gm1130358009-298923546
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Louis_Camille_Maillard.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/grilling-food-on-barbecue-grill-hands-preparing-skewers-gm957009874-261311684
https://www.videoblocks.com/video/mans-cooking-chicken-on-barbecue-grill-outdoor-the-smoke-coming-from-the-barbecue-grill-bjmhgfcoeiyz1gqxi
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Fries_2.jpg

The Birds That Lived in The Age of Dinosaurs


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While we know that birds are the descendants of dinosaurs, we don't think much about the ones that lived alongside them, and they are a hot topic amongst paleontologists today.

Hosted by: Hank Green

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Sources:

https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.33.010802.150517?journalCode=ecolsys.1
https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms7987
http://www.sci-news.com/paleontology/science-archaeornithura-meemannae-bird-china-02774.html
http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2015/05/06/4230439.htm
https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/pdf/10.1098/rspb.2017.2494
http://www.digimorph.org/specimens/Vegavis_iaai/nature03150.pdf
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08912963.2017.1348503
https://www.nature.com/articles/nature19852
https://bmcbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1741-7007-6-6
https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/308b/7f8e3506cbb9d2dce35b3856359dc01d2e46.pdf
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Marcelo_Reguero/publication/250917523_A_dromaeosaur_from_the_Maastrichtian_of_James_Ross_Island_and_the_Late_Cretaceous_Antarctic_dinosaur_fauna/links/0046351eddc8343eb9000000/A-dromaeosaur-from-the-Maastrichtian-of-James-Ross-Island-and-the-Late-Cretaceous-Antarctic-dinosaur-fauna.pdf
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Marcelo_Reguero/publication/232663398_The_first_duck-billed_dinosaur_Family_Hadrosauridae_from_Antarctica/links/0c96051edd5c525d0b000000/The-first-duck-billed-dinosaur-Family-Hadrosauridae-from-Antarctica.pdf
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-03296-8
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/252628376_The_diet_of_sauropod_dinosaurs_-_Implications_from_carbon_isotope_analysis_of_teeth_bones_and_plants& ;amp;sa=D&ust=1554490979398000&usg=AFQjCNHzYA3h9hdpkF6ES-OW3HeQyjhylQ
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id %3Dinfo%253Adoi%252F10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0151661&sa=D&ust=1554490979398000&usg=AFQjCNE4SDG4kwJl6c56ted_BRF2EogFEQ

5 Bad Habits That Aren't All Bad


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We've all got bad habits that we might feel a little bad about, but we're here to tell you stop feeling guilty! Kind of.

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Sources:

(Knuckle Cracking)
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1004074/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1129752/
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1002/1529-0131 %28199805%2941%3A5%3C949%3A%3AAID-ART36%3E3.0.CO%3B2-3
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11999-016-5215-3
https://press.rsna.org/timssnet/media/pressreleases/14_pr_target.cfm?ID=1851
https://www.loc.gov/rr/scitech/mysteries/joint.html
https://www.aurorahealthcare.org/services/orthopedics/conditions/crepitus #Overview

(Gum Chewing)
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4449949/
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1179/147683010X12611460763526?src=recsys
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11145462/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23375117/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4449948/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22747775

(Swearing)
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S038800011400151X
https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/JMP-04-2016-0102
https://www.academia.edu/29725191/Frankly_we_do_give_a_damn_The_relationship_between_profanity_and_honesty
https://journals.lww.com/neuroreport/Abstract/2009/08050/Swearing_as_a_response_to_pain.4.aspx
https://www.wired.com/story/the-science-of-why-swearing-physically-reduces-pain/

(Nail biting)
https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/138/2/e20160443?sso=1& ;amp;sso_redirect_count=1&nfstatus=401&nftoken=00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000&nfstatusdescription=ERROR%3A%20No%20local%20token
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0363502387802174
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/284275097_The_human_microbiome_asthma_and_allergy https://www.elitedaily.com/life/culture/positive-side-nail-biting/749315
https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/adult-health/expert-answers/nail-biting/faq-20058548
https://www.baos.org.uk/resources/Temporomandibular (Jaw)JointProblems.pdf
https://danieladental.com/tmj-treatment/

(Complaining)
https://journals.aom.org/doi/abs/10.5465/256708
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jclp.10095
https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2002-08580-004
https://www.psychologytoday.com/gb/blog/the-couch/201410/whats-the-best-way-deal-help-rejecting-complainers
https://digest.bps.org.uk/2017/03/23/workplace-venting-makes-it-harder-to-bounce-back-from-bad-experiences/
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/child-psychology-and-psychiatry-review/article/cognitive-behaviour-therapy-in-childhood-depression/394443127404D965706CAE582EC9A054

IMAGES

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ZNENkkf5Uw

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metacarpophalangeal_joint #/media/File:Grant_1962_104_MCP.png

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Staphylococcus_aureus_SEM.jpg#/media/File:Staphylococcus_aureus_SEM.jpg

Why Are Snowflakes Flat?


We’re told that all snowflakes are unique. But when you really think about them, snowflakes get even more interesting - as ice crystals forming in 3D space, why are snowflakes basically 2D?

We make science kits now! Go to http://UniverseUnboxed.com to learn more, order one online, or find them in a store near you.

Hosted by: Hank Green

SciShow has a spinoff podcast! It's called SciShow Tangents. Check it out at http://www.scishowtangents.org
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Sources:
https://www.caltech.edu/about/news/snowflake-science-2023
http://www.snowcrystals.com/science/science.html
https://scied.ucar.edu/shortcontent/snowflakes
http://www.snowcrystals.com/sharpening/sharpening.html
https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007 %2F0-387-30720-6_130
https://www.its.caltech.edu/ ~atomic/snowcrystals/faceting/faceting.htm

Image Sources:
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Frozen_drop.webm
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Bentley_Snowflake1.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Bentley_Snowflake2.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Bentley_Snowflake4.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Bentley_Snowflake5.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Bentley_Snowflake8.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Bentley_Snowflake9.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Bentley_Snowflake11.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Snowflake12.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Bentley_Snowflake13.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Bentley_Snowflake14.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Bentley_Snowflake17.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Bentley_Snowflake18.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Salt_crystals_-_panoramio.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Snowflake1.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Snowflake2.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Snowflake3.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Snowflake4.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Snowflake5.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Snowflake6.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Snowflake7.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Snowflake8.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Snowflake9.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Snowflake10.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Snowflake11.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Snowflake12.png
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File :Schnee3.jpg
https://www.istockphoto.com/vector/snowflakes-set-gm900363342-248419749
"