From ESA astronaut Luca Parmitano’s hometown in Catania, Italy, Luca talks about the science he ran on the International Space Station.

The European laboratory Columbus was launched in 2008 and offers scientists a permanent place in space to conduct research that is out of this world.

Luca’s first spaceflight was in 2013 with Russian cosmonaut Fyodor Yurchikhin and NASA astronaut Karen Nyberg. He conducted over 20 experiments during the Volare mission as flight engineer for Expeditions 36 and 37 and he was the first of ESA’s new generation of astronauts to fly into space.

Luca talks about space research, being a human guinea pig, dieting to avoid bone disease osteoporosis, human physiology, using ultrasound remotely to diagnose back problems, measuring eye pressure and how his body and mind reacted to living in weightlessness.

Luca is set for a second mission to the International Space Station in 2019.

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Da Catania, città natale dell'astronauta dell'ESA Luca Parmitano, Luca parla degli esperimenti scientifici eseguiti sulla Stazione Spaziale Internazionale.

Il laboratorio europeo Columbus è stato lanciato nel 2008 ed offre agli scienziati un posto permanente nello spazio per condurre ricerche fuori da questo mondo.

La prima missione nello spazio per Luca è stata nel 2013, con il cosmonauta Fyodor Yurchikhin e l'astronauta della NASA Karen Nyberg. Durante la missione Volare, in qualità di ingegnere di volo per la Spedizione 36/37, Luca ha portato avanti oltre 20 esperimenti, ed è stato il primo della nuova classe di astronauti ESA a volare nello spazio.

Luca ci parla di ricerca spaziale, del fare da cavia umana, della dieta per evitare l'osteoporosi, la malattia delle ossa, della fisiologia umana, dell'utilizzo dell'ecografia per diagnosticare da remoto problemi alla schiena, del misurare la pressione oculare e di come il suo corpo e la sua mente hanno reagito alla vita in microgravità.

Luca è stato assegnato ad una seconda missione sulla Stazione Spaziale Internazionale nel 2019.

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Se la vita può sopravvivere e prosperare nel Rio Tinto, potrebbe esserci vita anche su Marte o sulle lune di Giove e Saturno? Cerchiamo di scoprirlo seguendo le ricerche degli scienziati del Centro di Astrobiologia di Madrid.

A dél-spanyolországi Rio Tinto nevű hely gyakorlatilag a Mars a Földön. Ha itt van élet, vajon lehet a vörös bolygón is?

H περιοχή Ρίο Τίντο στη Νότια Ισπανία έχει κεντρίσει εδώ και πολλά χρόνια το ενδιαφέρον των επιστημόνων και των αστροβιολόγων, καθώς οι συνθήκες εδώ προσομοιάζουν με αυτές που επικρατούν στον Κόκκινο Πλανήτη. Το Euronews βρέθηκε στην περιοχή για να μιλήσει με τους επιστήμονες που μελετούν διάφορες μορφές ζωής που συναντάμε εδώ.

Au Sud de l'Espagne, le Rio Tinto est une zone précieuse de recherches pour les scientifiques de l'ESA et de la NASA, grâce à ces caractéristiques similaires à celles de la planète rouge.

Bienvenue sur Mars, ou plutôt dans la région du Rio Tinto au sud de l'Espagne !

La comarca de Río Tinto en el sur de españa presenta un entorno ácido y duro como el de Marte. Los científicos la estudian porque si hay vida aquí, quizás también exista en el planeta rojo o en otros cuerpos celestes de nuestro sistema solar.

Los científicos del Centro de Astrobiología de Madrid buscan señales de vida en otras lunas y planetas de nuestro sistema solar. Y lo hacen tomando muestras en lugares extraordinarios.

Willkommen auf dem Mars - auch bekannt als Rio Tinto in Südspanien. Forscher vermuten, dass die Mikroorganismen in dem Fluss auch auf dem Roten Planeten existieren könnten.

A Euronews esteve em Huelva, onde conheceu o Rio Tinto, cujas margens e sedimentos se parecem em todos os aspetos aos do Planeta Vermelho.
Um grupo de cientistas procura sinais de vida noutros planetas do nosso sistema solar. E fazem-no com a recolha de amostras dos lugares mais inesperados.

The Rio Tinto river snakes through the Spanish countryside for 100 kilometres, a dark, blood-red stain of acid water and rusty-looking rocks that scientists love to study. Both ESA and NASA experts regularly spend weeks in the Rio Tinto, examining the life underground, and using it as a test bed to look for life on Mars.

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Since arriving at Mars in October 2016, the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter has been aerobraking its way into a close orbit of the Red Planet by using the top of the atmosphere to create drag and slow down. It is almost in the right orbit to begin observations – only a few hundred kilometres to go! With aerobraking complete, additional manoeuvres will bring the craft into a near-circular two-hour orbit, about 400 km above the plane, by the end of April. The mission’s main goal is to take a detailed inventory of the atmosphere, sniffing out gases like methane, which may be an indicator of active geological or biological activity. The camera will help to identify surface features that may be related to gas emissions. The spacecraft will also look for water-ice hidden below the surface, which could influence the choice of landing sites for future exploration. It will also relay large volumes of science data from NASA’s rovers on the surface back to Earth and from the ESA–Roscosmos ExoMars rover, which is planned for launch in 2020.

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Watch ESA astronaut Alexander Gerst announce the selection of teams whose Mission Space Lab codes will be run on Astro Pi Ed and Izzy on-board the International Space Station!

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ESA’s Earth Explorer Aeolus satellite will be launched later this year to measure the world’s winds from space. The satellite carries one of the most sophisticated instruments ever to be put into orbit: Aladin, which includes two powerful lasers, a large telescope and very sensitive receivers. The laser generates ultraviolet light that is beamed down into the atmosphere to profile the world’s winds – a completely new approach to measuring the wind from space. These vertical slices through the atmosphere, along with information it gathers on aerosols and clouds, will improve our understanding of atmospheric dynamics and contribute to climate research. As well as advancing science, Aeolus will play an important role in improving weather forecasts. The mission will also complement information about the atmosphere being provided by the Copernicus Sentinel missions.

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The European Space Agency (ESA) is part of an international effort to monitor and – ultimately – tackle space debris. This junk – accumulated in orbit since the dawn of the space age sixty years ago – poses an increasing risk to operational spacecraft.

ESA is developing missions to tackle the problem to help prevent a serious collision in space. The Agency is also monitoring possible dangers caused by fragments of redundant spacecraft falling to Earth, such as China’s space station Tiangong-1 – due to enter the atmosphere in the coming months.

Visit our Clean Space site to learn more:

Earth from Space is presented by Kelsea Brennan-Wessels from the ESA Web TV virtual studios. With the Chinese calendar rolling over into a new year, the Sentinel-2 mission offers us a view of the country’s capital in this edition.

See also to download the image.